EVALUATION OF OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES
Birgen N, Yavuz
MS, Okyay M.
3rd Congress of Forensic Sciences, Istanbul University Medical Faculty,
Istanbul-1998, Summary Book of Congress.
According to International Labor Organization (I.L.O.) had defined "occupational
injury" as a state that causes disability and damage after an unexpected and unplanned occasion. In Turkey the definition
is made in the Act No.506.
According to this, occupational injury is an injury that occurs in any one of
the circumstances or situations indicated below which causes immediately or subsequently a physical or mental disability
to an insured person:
When the insured person is in the workplace,
In connection with the work carried on by the employer,
When the insured person has been sent by the employer to perform duties at another
During the period allocated for nursing the child of the insured woman,
While insured persons are carried, as a group, on a vehicle supplied by the
employer, to and from the place where the work is being done.
The last official report in occupational injury cases is prepared by the 3rd
Specialization Board of the Council of Forensic Medicine in Turkey. In this study, the cases that were sent to the 3rd S.B.
are classified according to their sex, injury type, causes of injury, and how they fit into Turkish Penal Code No:456.
Between 1996-1998, there are 253 cases examined in the 3rd S.B. 241 (95.3 %)
of these were male, 12 (4.7 %) were female. According to the type of injuries, most seen type was machinery. Most of the cases
were not life threatening (68 %). Hands and fingers were injured most (48.6 %). Amputations were the most common type of lesions
(38.3 %) and between them, hand finger amputations was the first type (20.9 %).
We compared our results with the other studies and tried to find out the deficiency
Key Words: Occupational injury, forensic medicine.